"History is past politics, and politics present history." John Robert Seeley

"The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see." Winston Churchill

"What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing." Aristotle


Model Answer Essays (5th Year – 2011)

Section A.        Question  1.

“Account for the implementation of Direct Rule in 1972 & the failure of the Sunningdale Power-Sharing Executive in May 1974.”


The failure of Northern Ireland’s ‘Majority (Unionist) Rule’ system occurred during a period of widespread civil and political unrest. The Civil Rights Movement, centred around the organisation for equality in housing, employment & education (NICRA), was a symptom of the widespread division within Northern Irish Society. With the IRA on full offensive, and the clear inability of the Stormont Government to either deal effectively with security issues or compromise with the growing social movement for equality, Westminster made the …………

Download Full Text Here: MODEL ESSAY Account for the implementation of Direct Rule in 1972



Section B.      Question 3.

“What were the aims of Stalin’s ‘Purges’ and what effect did the ‘Show Trials’ have on Soviet politics & society?”


Between the years 1932 & 1941, Joseph Stalin set about consolidating his totalitarian rule through a system of extreme and widespread ‘Purges’ of all levels of Soviet military, government and society. While Stalin’s paranoia is well documented, his motives for pursuing such vigorous and often inhumane, unjustified cases against entirely innocent men is also rooted deeply in his political ambitions to rule the USSR and the Communist Party itself as a complete dictator. Every arm and agent of the State would be used, while at the same time, no arm or agent of the State would be above ‘suspicion’. Stalin’s secret police, the NKVD, would be central to these Purges and especially the ‘Show Trials’, yet their Chief of Police himself, Yagoda, would be convicted for alledged conspiracy to oppose Stalin. The Red Army, Communist Party (especially the ”Old Bolsheviks” who knew the truth of Stalin’s bit-part role in 1917) could undermine his ever-growing ‘Cult of Personality’ and totalitarian Stalinism.

Download Full Text Here: MODEL ESSAY What were the aims of Stalin


Section C.

Document Question – Faulkner & Rees

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