"History is past politics, and politics present history." John Robert Seeley

"The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see." Winston Churchill

"What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing." Aristotle


Multiple Meanings III: Human Characteristics

N. B. Be aware of abstract qualities of people, as these are usually the basis for at least one question in each CAE Exam:

  • a ‘sharp’ business brain –
  • a ‘soft’ approach to disciplining a dog/ child –
  • a ‘dull’ individual –
  • a ‘bright’ individual –
  • a ‘keen’ individual –
  • a ‘tight’ individual –
  • a ‘dry’ sense of humour –


Characteristics of the Mind (Intelligence & Creativity)





Characteristics of the Heart (Emotions & Feelings)




Characteristics of the Soul (Beliefs)


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