"History is past politics, and politics present history." John Robert Seeley

"The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see." Winston Churchill

"What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing." Aristotle


Political Change in 20th Century Ireland

1900  –  1923:

Home Rule to Irish Free State

Politics20thCentury IrelandPictorialTimeline1900-1923

1923 – 1949:

Irish Free State  –  Republic of Ireland Act

Politics20thCentury IrelandPictorialTimeline1923-1949

Fianna Fail Government 1932 – 1938







The Irish Free State was founded officially on the 6th December, 1922. With the Pro-TReaty Sinn Fein forming the first Free State Government (Cumann na nGaedhael), the first priority of the Free State Government was to defeat the Anti-Treaty IRA. The split in Sinn Fein had also caused a split in the IRA, with prominent leaders such as ____________ defying the Treaty and declaring the new Free State a ‘betrayal’ of what had been fought for between 1916 & 1921. Michael Collins, as the first Free State Army Commander, was assassinated in his native County Cork on 22nd August 1922. Ten days previously, on the 12th August, Arthur Griffith had died to to a brain haemorrhage. Devoid of experienced leaders politically and militarily, William T. Cosgrave became the first President of the Executive Council (Prime MInister). He set about establishing the Courts System ( ___________), the polic force (An Garda Siochana) founded in 1923 by Eoin O’Duffy  and stabilising the Irish economy.



1950 – 1985:

Republic of Ireland Act  –  Anglo-Irish Agreement (1985)

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