"History is past politics, and politics present history." John Robert Seeley

"The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see." Winston Churchill

"What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing." Aristotle


The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution (18th – 19th Century)

Circa. 1700 – 1850



The Industrial Revolution began around the beginning of the 18th Century (1700’s) in Britain and eventually spread throughout the world. The immediate catalyst for this wide-ranging change in social & economic characteristics was a Population Explosion. The Industrial Revolution can be described in three stages:


Stage 1:

Population Explosion >>  Surplus Population Moves to Urban Centres (Urbanisation) =

Demand for Increased Agricultural Production (Agricultural Innovation) (4-Field System, Selective Breeding & Farm Machinery)

Stage 2:

Surplus Cheap Labour Force in Urban Centres + Trade & Raw Materials from colonies & overseas >> Increased demand for Goods =

Mass Production (Factory System)



Stage 3:

Mass Industrialisation & Urbanised Population >> Increase in Transportation Innovation (Better roads, canals & Railways)




Demographic & Socio-Economic Shifts:

Dwelling: Rural Population >> Urban Population

Production: Domestic System >> Factory System

Innovation: Medieval >> Modern

Agriculture: 3-Field System >> 4-Field System

Labour: Agricultural Serfdom >> Labourers & Working-Class

Transport: Manual Locomotion >> Mechanised Locomotion

Industrial Revolution Images of Change


PowerPoint Presentation: The Agricultural & Industrial Revolutions

Industrial Revolution




Agricultural Revolution



Industrial Revolution



Transport Revolution


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One Response to “The Industrial Revolution”

  1. […] Progressives also tried to change the way people thought and were treated. They were critical of both political and religious institutes because they were restrictive on individual liberties. They also believed that large cities had corrupted people and the wanted to believe in the goodness of humankind. (http://stpaulscollege.ie/history/the-industrial-revolution) […]